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Hoja Bandera, is articulated from the tragic "matazón" that Galeano relates with the subtle firmness of his writing. On that night of death, also depicted by García Márquez, the Colombian army cut short the lives of thousands of workers who echoed the sentiments of the first trade unionist agencies in the country. trade unionist agencies in the country. This story, the tragic history of the banana republics, was financed and executed under pressure from the United Fruit Company.

executed under pressure from the United Fruit Company (UFC), later transformed into the multinational "Chiquita", which in turn subsidised the paramilitary offensive in different parts of the country. The banana massacre, as historiography labelled the event, was consolidated over time as a symbol of trade union struggle and resistance for the Colombian working class.

A year before the massacre, the conservative government of Abadía Méndez set the stage for impunity through decrees and laws that sought to prohibit meetings, freedom of the press, socialist ideas and the mobilisation of strikers unhappy with the working conditions of the time. After more than ninety decades of struggle for better salaries and benefits, for the fulfilment of agreements and concerted action and, in general, for decent socio-political conditions, today there are still more than ninety years of struggle. conditions, today the violent acts against these social movements and particularly against their leaders are still repeated like an ominous loop. and in particular against their leaders.

The title Flag Leaf metaphorically evokes the social practice that signifies the work of the trade union leader with the last leaf that emerges from the stem of a plant and is situated in a strategic space from which it attracts water and light to the different parts of the plant. A leader is a flag leaf that emerges to allow the oxygenation of the social system and the good life of workers from different identity formations.

Hoja Bandera proposes an alternative social memory to address this historical episode by exploring the photographic archive of the United Fruit Company, located in Baker's library, to put it in dialogue with the testimonies collected by Carlos Arango, with telegrams, documents of the time, slogans of the strikers, among others.


Author: Ana Núñez Rodríguez
Edition : Ana Núñez Rodríguez
Design : Laura María Oliveros Sánchez
Creative consultant: Sebastián Sandoval Quimbayo
Format: 2 sides of 22 X 17 cm each one.
Number of pages: Left side: 25 pages
Right side: 120 pages
Type of printing:
Left side: Screen printing
Right side: Offset 1 ink
Binding: Saddle-stitched with thread

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