Desenterrando el silencio



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[ Digging up the silence] Antoni Benaiges, the master who promised the sea

With the reproduction of the booklet EL MAR. VISION OF CHILDREN WHO HAVE NOT SEEKED IT NEVER (1936, Bañuelos de Bureba)

At the end of July 1936, just at the beginning of the Civil War, the Catalan master Antoni Benaiges disappeared. Two years earlier, he had arrived in the village of Bañuelos de Bureba in Burgos and was ready to apply the Freinet technique, an innovative teaching methodology based on student participation and the use of the printing press, to his small rural school.

For more than 75 years, his work and his personality remained in the intimacy of the memory of his former students and his professional companions, while his family had a desire to know the truth about his whereabouts.

In August 2010, on the occasion of the exhumation of a mass grave in La Pedraja (Burgos), the memory of the master emerges and an investigation begins to discover a unique, emotive and poetic story.

A story, almost on the verge of oblivion, which has been recovered thanks to the testimonies of those who knew or heard about it, but also from the teacher's own texts and the writings of his students, which were published in the school.

This work is the result of an in-depth investigation, and has had the participation of the journalist Francesc Escribano, in the story of the biography of the master; the photographer Sergi Bernal, in the graphic documentation and the collection of testimonies; the anthropologist Francisco Ferrándiz, in the narration of his experience at the foot of the grave, and the historian Queralt Solé, in the contextualization of the historical moment and in the direction of the work.


Francesc Escribano is a writer, journalist and associate professor of Audiovisual Communication at the Pompeu Fabra University. He has developed his work as a journalist in radio, press and, fundamentally, on television. As a writer, he has written two books, one on Bishop Pedro Casaldáliga and the other on the last political prisoner executed by the Franco dictatorship, Salvador Puig Antich. He is director of Absolute Minority.

Sergi Bernal is a documentary and travel photographer; he was awarded the first prize at the Visa Off Photo Report Festival in Perpignan in 2009, with a project of photographs about the most rural China. He has held exhibitions in Barcelona, Madrid, Perpignan, Mataró and Dakhla.

The report Dugging up the Silence, a project that dignifies the disappeared and murdered by fascism, won a scholarship at the Can Basté Photographic Forum (2010).

Francisco Ferrándiz, an anthropologist from the University of California at Berkeley, is a Senior Scientist at the Institute of Language, Literature and Anthropology (ILLA) of the Centre for Human and Social Sciences (CCHS) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). His fields of interest include cultural studies, popular religiosity, visual anthropology, medical anthropology, anthropology of the body and anthropology of violence, with special emphasis on research related to memory and social trauma. He has been Professor and/or researcher at the Universities of Berkeley, Virginia, Central de Venezuela, Utrecht, Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Deusto and Extremadura. He has also taught postgraduate courses at the Central Universities of Barcelona, Complutense, Rovira i Virgili and the Basque Country. At the University of Deusto (1999-2006), he was Director of the UNESCO Chair in Human Resources Training for Latin America (2001-2002), and Director of the PhD on Migration and Conflict in Global Society (2002-2006). He is currently Coordinator of the European Doctorate Enhancement on Peace and Conflict Research (EDEN) network, funded by the European Commission's Erasmus programme. He has published numerous articles in national and international journals and is the author of several books.

Queralt Solé holds a PhD in Contemporary History and is a lecturer at the University of Barcelona. She is the author of numerous articles and books on the Spanish Civil War (violence, repression, exile) as well as on the Franco dictatorship and its repression, institutionalisation and memory.

[Digging up the silence]



Francesc Escribano

Sergi Bernal

Francisco Ferrándiz

Queralt Solé

ISBN: 978-84-9801-694-9

140 pp.

19 x 25,5 cm


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